Gayo Highlands coffee is grown on the hillsides surrounding the town of Takengon in the northern tip of Sumatra, in Indonesia. Coffee trees are often growing on sloping terrain, where soil erosion threatens both the quantity and quality of coffee yields.
Coffee production is the main source of revenues for many small-scale farmers, it is a necessity to take action to preserve agricultural yields and ensure optimal growing conditions for the production of the origin Gayo Highlands coffee. The plantation of fruit trees will complementary support farmers to diversify their sources of revenues.
The KBQ Baburrayyan cooperative was created in 2002, with 600 members. The conflict between the Indonesian government and the “Free Aceh” rebels from 1976 to 2005 claimed many lives and had a negative impact on the social and economic development of the region.
KBQ Baburrayyan cooperative has helped create stable market access for its members to revive the coffee industry after the civil war. In 2006, the cooperative members received their first organic premium and KBQ Baburrayyan began to grow dramatically to more than 5,500 members.
In October 2007, the cooperative became Fair Trade certified and developed rapidly. The cooperative bought the coffee processing factory they formerly rented in Takengon and creates employment for community members of Takengon and has become one of the big coffee factories and a main buyer in the area.
The plantation of fruit trees in and around coffee fields will help to preserve soils and reduce erosion, while helping farmers to ensure optimal growing conditions for the production of the origin Gayo Highlands coffee.
- Limit the impacts of the soil erosion and the earthquakes on the agricultural systems
- Bring the insurance of a permanent income by the contribution of additional income connected to the sale of fruits and natural products (In particular avocado oil)